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高三二轮复习阅读理解七选五教学设计
发布日期:2019-04-12
 2019年高三二轮复习阅读理解之七选五教学设计
                                      高三英语组  易珊珊
I. 教学目标Teaching aims
1.结合学习目标引领学生明确学习任务,理解《英语课程标准》和《考试说明》对七选五题型的命题要求。
2.合理引导学生分析考题特点, 熟悉语篇设空规律,熟练掌握七选五题常见解题技巧。
3. 借鉴高考语篇为导向,引领学生对常见几种高效答题技巧进行演练。
II. 教学过程(Teaching Procedures)
Step 1 “段首段末”句复习
例题1(2017年III卷)Topic:如何定制睡眠计划)
●37________In order to make a change, you need to decide why it’s important. Do you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family, get in some exercise, or just be better prepared for your day? Once you are clear about your reason, tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make.
A. Get a sleep specialist.
B. Find the right motivation.
例题2(2018全国卷I)Topic:家居设计时如何选择颜色
The large color decisions in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors. Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint, the time, effort and relative expense put into it are significant. 40.______ .
E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces
F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time
索主旨:通过如上例题对内在逻辑题的解题技巧进行分析,归纳相应解题技巧:
段首句----常为段落主题句,对全段主旨归纳和抽象概括;
         形式为祈使句和名词短语 (短小精悍)
段末句----结论、概括性语句  
         和段首句首尾呼应      
         起到承上启下作用。
Step 2 “段中句”探究
1. 内在逻辑题
例题1 (2017年III卷)Topic:如何定制睡眠计划)
● Keep a record and evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write down how you feel. After you’ve tried a new method for a week, take a look at your record.   40   If not, take another look at other methods you could try.
D. And consider setting a second alarm.
E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up.
例题22016年全国II卷)Topic:如何打造理想花园)
Some people may think that a garden is no more than plants, flowers, patterns and masses of color. Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料).    38   . However, there are a number of other reasons that might explain why you want to garden. One of them comes from our earliest years.
E. Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants
F. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too
索逻辑:关注文章中的逻辑词,理清前后句之间的逻辑关系
       常见语句逻辑有:并列、转折、递进、因果、顺序、列举等。通常用逻辑衔接词(Linking words)连接。
2. 代词提示类
例题1:(2017年全国III卷)Topic:如何定制睡眠计划)
Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning, and put the blame on the alarm clock. In fact, the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resetting your body clock. 36  ______. Here’s how to make one.
A. Get a sleep specialist.
C. A better plan for sleep can help.
例题2 (2017年全国II卷)Topic:如何避免被打扰)
If you have a door to your office, make good use of it. ___40___. If someone knocks and it’s not an important matter, excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗示) than when the door is closed, you’re not to be disturbed.C. Set boundaries for yourself as your time goesG. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when you’re not
索代词:段中题需关注代词指代
 
为避免重复,常用人称代词,不定代词,指示代词,反身代词等,以及such和so指代前文提到的内容。做题时要注意指代的人称、数的一致性。
3. 词汇复现类
例题2(2016年II卷)Topic:如何打造理想花园
●Recall(回忆) your childhood memories
 .... If you’d like to build a powerful bond with your garden, start by taking some time to recall the gardens of your youth.  6_____ Then go outside and work out a plan to translate your childhood memories into your grown-up garden. Have fun.
D. You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden.G. For each of those gardens, writer down the strongest memory you have.
索复现:段中题需关注词汇复现
     同一个概念或事物通常在一段文字重复出现。我们常以原词、近义词、反义词,同畴词,同根词等方式让其再现。
Step 3 综合演练
利用2018年的浙江卷,对课上所学技巧进行综合演练
Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of course, you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make sure you conduct yourself as a good neighbor should.31 ._______          
Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to keep your property (房产) neat, clean, and in good repair. 32.______ By choosing to keep the outside of the home in great shape, you will help to improve the look and feel of the area. 
Second, take the overall appearance of the neighborhood seriously. When going for a walk, take along a small garbage bag. 33.______This small act will let your neighbors know that you care about the area.
34._______If a neighbor is going to be out of town, offer to collect mail and newspapers. If a neighbor suffers an illness, offer to do the grocery shopping. Let them know that you are there to help in any way that is acceptable, while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor.
35._______ By following the basic rules of respecting others, taking care of what belongs to you, and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in general, you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates. 
A. In general, keep an eye on their property while they are gone.B. A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways.C. Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior.D. Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping.E. Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car, pick it up.F. People tend to take pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and inviting.G. Here are a few tips to help you win over everyone in the neighborhood quickly. 
Step4 真题分析讲解,总结梳理本节所学
1. 通读全文把握主旨:主题句、文章结构、写作内容
2. 详读段落找关键词:每段的主题句或主旨大意
3. 解读选项做出选择:选项的关键词、文章的一致性
4. 回读原文排除干扰:坚定选项
 

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