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book 6 教材变形小文章
发布日期:2019-03-27
Book 6 Unit 1
So far styles in Western art have changed many times. We will describe only the most important ones, starting from the Middle Ages.
In the 5th century, the art of the Middle Ages came into being. A conventional artist of this period was not interested in showing nature and people but religious symbols.
When the Renaissance took place, painters began to adopt a more humanistic attitude towards life. One of the most important discoveries during this time was how to draw things in perspective.
With new inventions and social changes in the late 19th century, a new style of painting ---Impressionism, appeared. However, many people said the paintings were ridiculous.
Modern art began in the early 20th century. Some paintings of modern art are so realistic that they look like photographs.
  1. come into being 形成;产生
  2. conventional  adj.  常规的;传统的;因循守旧的
  3. adopt  vt. 采用;采纳;收养
  4. humanistic  adj. 人道主义的
  5. perspective  n. 透视画法;透视图;观点
  6. impressionism  n. 印象主义;印象派
  7. ridiculous  adj. 荒谬的;可笑的
  8. realistic  adj.  逼真的;现实的
Book6 Unit2
Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. Poets use many different forms of poetry to express themselves. For example, the language of nursery rhymes is concrete but imaginative, and they delight small children because they rhyme, have strong rhythm and a lot of repetition. And list poems have a flexible line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem.
Another simple form of poem is the cinquain, which is made up of five lines and can convey a strong picture in just a few words. Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that is made up of 17 syllables. And of course there are Tang poems from China which you may enjoy in particular.
With so many different forms of poetry to choose from, students may eventually want to write poems of their own.
  1.  convey  vt. 传达;运送
  2. express oneself  表达自己
  3. nursery rhyme 童谣
  4. concrete  adj. 具体的
  5. flexible  adj. 灵活的;可弯曲的;柔顺的
  6. be made up of 由……构成
  7. in particular 尤其;特别        8. eventually  adv. 最后;终于
Book6 Unit 3
It’s easy for you to start smoking, but once you become addicted to it, you may find it difficult for you to quit. Firstly, you may become physically addicted to nicotine, one of the hundreds of harmful chemicals that exist in cigarettes. Secondly, you may develop the habit of smoking and finally become mentally addicted to it. You may believe that you will only feel good when you smoke and may find all kinds of negative emotions in you when you stop smoking.
Smoking may have all kinds of harmful effects on the health of both the smokers themselves and non-smokers around them. It not only affects your physical fitness, but also does harm to your heart and lungs and causes a variety of diseases. Being a smoker, the terrible smell and appearance of you may drive people around you away. So, it’s important that one should quit smoking and live a healthier life.
  1. be/become addicted to 对/变得对……有瘾
  2. quit  vi.&vt. 停止(做某事);离开
  3. develop the habit of 养成……习惯
  4. mentally  adv. 精神上;智力上
  5. have an effect on 对……有影响;对……起作用
  6.  do harm to 对……有害;损害;伤害
  7. a variety of 各种各样的
 
Book6 Unit 4
When compared to most natural changes, it is quite shocking that the temperature of the earth rose about one degree Fahrenheit during the 20th century.
There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer. But how has this come about and does it matter? It’s human activity that has caused this global warming rather than a random but natural phenomenon.
Scientists explain that we add huge quantities of extra carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels. Greenhouse gases continue to build up. As a result, more heat energy tends to be trapped in the atmosphere causing the global temperature to go up. However, someone states that more carbon dioxide will encourage a greater range of animals and bring us a better life.
  1. compare…to/with… 把……和……比较
  2. come about 发生;造成
  3. random  adj. 胡乱的;任意的
  4. phenomenon  n. 现象 (复数phenomena)
  5. quantities of 大量的
  6. fossil fuel 化石燃料
  7. tend  vi.趋向;易于;照顾 & vt. 照顾;护理
  8. state  vt. 陈述;说明
  9. range  n. 种类;范围
Book 6 Unit 5
I was appointed as a volcanologist twenty years ago. The job is exciting but occasionally dangerous. I don’t mind the danger because I help protect ordinary people from the volcanoes. Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast.
When boiling rock erupts from a volcano and crashes back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine. The reason is that no one lives near the top of the mount, where the rocks fall. However, the lava can bury everything in its path under the molten rock.
Once I was lucky enough to have a much closer look at the volcano the day after its eruption with two other scientists. We had to wear protective suits that covered our whole body. We made our way to the edge of the crater and collected some lava for later study. That was my first experience.
  1. appoint  vt. 任命;委派
  2. volcanologist  n. 火山学家
  3. evaluate  vt.  评估;评价;估计
  4. erupt  vi. (指火山)爆发;突然发生
  5. molten  adj. 熔化的
  6. make one’s way 前往
  7. crater  n. 火山口;弹坑

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